Competition Issues Regarding Procurement for Large Companies and Suppliers—The Gazprom Case
The article demonstrates that even the established and verified facts of agreements among producers are not sufficient condition for cartel identification and, as a consequence, - prosecution of agreements participants. It requires looking at institutional details and the wider context of these and similar documents/actions appearance/occurrence. The article is devoted to recent antitrust case against all Russian producers of the large diameter pipes (LDPs) on schedules of products delivery for one large buyer – OJSC Gazprom. This case illustrates that avoidance of wasteful outcomes of so-called hostility tradition in antitrust is important, hard and nevertheless possible task.
collusion, antitrust policy, economic analysis, institutional econoics