Gender inequality in Russia's rural formal economy
Gender inequality in Russia’s rural formal economy is examined using quantitative and qualitative data. Rural women continue to be underrepresented in farm managerial positions, and gendered income differences remain the norm. Rural women are underrepresented because they continue to have responsibility for most of the housework and child care. The traditional division of labor inside the household continues to dominate, thereby affecting women’s career trajectories and earning potential. Value change about gendered roles in the formal economy has been minimal.
occupational segregation; value change; gender inequality; rural Russia; gendered roles