National Project Education: 9 Lives of the Regions (VIDEO)
On January 17, an expert discussion “National Project Education: 9 Lives of the Regions” was held within the anniversary Gaidar Forum. During the discussion, the issues of financing, regulation and the need for nationalization of educational projects were addressed.The key experts were: Ekaterina Uba, Deputy Governor, the Ulyanovsk region; Tatyana Klyachko, Director, Centre of Continuous Education Economics, RANEPA; Alexander Rudik, President of Nova Capital Investment Company; Natalya Tyurina, Head of the Education and Social Projects Division, MIA Russia Today, Manager of Project Social Navigator, and Anna Khamardyuk, Director of the Strategy, Analysis and Forecast Department of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation.
Tatyana Klyachko, Director, Centre of Continuous Education Economics, RANEPA, opened the discussion. The expert highlighted the financial side of the projects. The structure of budgetary expenses on education in percentage of GDP shows substantial downfall in terms of the higher education (0.56 points in 2017 versus 0.70 points in 2013). The problems in the higher education rely on the major part of expenses: drop of an item drops means that the dependent item will drop too. Distribution of expenses on the education among the regions focuses only on the general, additional and secondary vocational education for children and on professional training and advanced training of personnel. Only the central region focuses on the higher education in terms of finance (96.3% versus 3.7).
The expert also noted that the regions still face the challenge to provide increase in the salary of employees of the educational system, thus entailing heavy loads on the regional budget. Therefore, the federation undertakes development of the higher education.
As a whole, Tatyana Klyachko identified the major problem, i.e. lack of financing of education for all formats. This notwithstanding, other national projects also have a financing section in terms of education, for example, National Project Demography, setting priorities for the constituent entities of the Russian Federation: the Far Eastern and the North Caucasus Federal District.
Ekaterina Uba, Deputy Governor, the Ulyanovsk region, continued the discussion. The expert noted that many projects are being created, but the major issue with a problem element is whether the regions are ready to fund all this new projects. Onetime payment appears to be cheaper, than yearly support of activities of Quantoriums and other new entities.
Anna Khamardyuk noted that for each constituent entity of the Russian Federation, there is already a declared figure of consolidated budget. In this context, all budgetary shifts can be traced in as much detail as possible. Even the regions that did not receive potential subsidies will report by the established indicators fixed in the regional projects. An additional incentive to present objective details is the electronic budget monitoring system of National Project Education. According to Anna Khamardyuk, ‘the monitoring began, and we have been already receiving reports since the end of December 2018. All changes shall be fixed in the monitoring system. It is impossible to report formally, everything happens clearly.’
Alexander Rudik, President of Nova Capital Investment Company, was the next expert. The businessman highlighted existence of the rhetoric question: does the business need the money and does the education need the business? Versatile misunderstanding originate from the lack of dialog between the state and the business. A bilateral management model is required for such projects to achieve a result.
Natalya Tyurina, Head of the Education and Social Projects Division, MIA Russia Today, took the floor in the course of the discussion. Her activities focus on translation of all key projects from the professional into the plain language. ‘When we reach the publication stage, the developers tell that something else was meant, thus, documents were adjusted and improved,’ Natalya Tyurina noted. The most important thing at all levels of interaction is engagement and understanding, that is, it is important that even a teacher understood what was meant.
MIA Russia Today performed a monitoring specially for this discussion. The survey identified that 39,000 publications for the year were written solely about the national project in Moscow (8090), and in the regions the indicators are low (1386 in the Nizhny Novgorod region, 971 in the Sverdlovsk region, etc. in descending order).
All participants of the discussion highlighted the importance of bilateral and clear communication. The expert discussion was moderated by Maxim Dulinov, Director of the Federal Institute of Education Development, RANEPA.
In different countries of the world there are different types of societies with different types of structures. In Russia, this is an uneven regional development. A number of regions, for example, Moscow, are at the European level of development, and some are only starting to move towards it.
The expert explained that such a phenomenon as social stratification may contribute to the implementation of social policy objectives.
Iosif Diskin, Deputy Chairman of the Academic Council of the Russian Public Opinion Research Center, Member of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation, stated: “The economic structure does not change much, but the interpretation of positions changes. Speaking about the problems of regulatory impact, it is necessary to understand the complexity of the social structure.
If the Russian breakthrough is successful, it will lead to dramatic changes in the situation of most social groups. This is a test for the socio-political system as a whole.
Politicians as public figures are always under scrutiny, and their “stupidity” and various statements have recently caused massive reactions among society. This suggests that the importance of a number of basic values has significantly increased. As soon as socio-economic decisions affect these values, an extremely emotional reaction is seen in response.
In society, moral sensitivity is growing. As crisis expectations increase, such sensitivity intensifies. This, in turn, limits the corridor of opportunities in the implementation of socio-economic policy."
All participants in the discussion noted the importance of the social situation in the country and the fact that its understanding is one of the necessary components for development of an efficient socio-economic policy.
10th Gaidar Forum Organizers:
The Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA);
The Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy (Gaidar Institute);
The Association of Innovative Regions of Russia (AIRR).
The general partners of the Gaidar Forum are Gazprom and Gazprombank; strategic partners include Prosveshcheniye publishing house, Coca-Cola, Pharmstandard group, ACIG Group of Companies, the Russian Textbook Corporation, SANOFI, Novartis, Johnson & Johnson, Russian Railways, MSD, and Mastercard; EY, Cisco and Russian Direct Investment Fund are partners. This discussion’s partners are Philips, Cherkizovo and RVC.
The general information partners of the Gaidar Forum include the Rossiya 24 TV channel, Forbes global media company, RBC and TASS news agencies. The official information agency is Rossiya Segodnya. The general radio partner is Business FM. The strategic information partners are Kommersant Publishers, the RT TV channel, Interfax and Gazeta.RU. The main information partners are Profil weekly, FederalPress news agency, and Invest Foresight online magazine. The international information partners are Sputnik and Cision. Other media partners include PRIME news agency, Rossiyskaya Gazeta, RNS news agency, Radio Ekho Moskvy, News.Ru, Polit.ru, Parlamentskaya Gazeta, the PRO BUSINESS TV channel, Strategia magazine, AK&M, BRICS, Ekonomika i Zhizn weekly, National Banking Journal, Expert Tatarstan magazine, the Smart Country information platform, Financial One, Naans Media, and the Public Administration scientific political journal.